Yamunanagar was earlier known as ‘Abdulahpur’. Pre-independence, it was a small village with population concentrated around its Railway Station. After partition of India, many refugees from Punjab in Pakistan choose to make Yamunanagar their new home, and in the process adding to the culture of the town. The area where land was allocated to the refugees later.Yamuna Nagar district is bounded by the state of Himachal Pradesh in the north, by the state of Uttar pradesh in the east and south east by the districts of Yamuna Nagar and Kurukshetra in the south west and by Ambala district in the west. The district has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate where we find seasonal rhythm, hot summer, cool winter, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature. In winters, frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The district also gets occasional winter rains from cyclones. The rain fall is mostly restricted to rainy season. The district has Shivalik hills and foot hill rolling plain in the north and north- east, and flood – plain along the Yamuna river in the east and south- east. The important rivers/ streams of the district are Yamuna, Sarasvati, Chautang, Rakshi, Somb, Boli, etc.
Yamuna river after rising from the snow-clad peaks of the middle himalayas at yamnotri, enters the district from its northeastern corner through a narrow corridor in the Siwaliks. It is a perennial river. boli nadi joins the somb nadi near dadupur and then the combined somb and boli nadis join the Yamuna River at mehar majra. The rakshi stream takes its birth in the rolling foot hill plain while the Chautang and Sarasvati rivers originate in the lower hills. Generally, the slope of the district is from north-east to south- west, in which direction most of rivers/nadis/ rainfed torrents flow down.